Iraq is a Middle Eastern country and a member of the United Nations.
Iraq is located on most of what was once Mesopotamia.
The United States of America and the United Kingdom went to war with Iraq in 1990 when it invaded and briefly annexed neighboring Kuwait. This conflict was known as the Persian Gulf War (or simply "Gulf War" for short).
During the 2000s and early 2010s, the U.S. and its allies fought a war in Iraq, initially against Saddam Hussein's regime and later against a terrorist insurgency. The conflict became known as the Iraq War. (TXF: "Babylon")