Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American Baptist minister and political activist, and the most famous leader of the American Civil Rights Movement. Considered a peacemaker throughout the world for his promotion of nonviolence and racial equality, he received the Nobel Peace Prize before he was assassinated in 1968. He was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Jimmy Carter in 1977, and Martin Luther King Day was established in his honor. King's most influential and well-known speech is "I Have A Dream."
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